Monitoring and multitemporal analysis of water quality by means of remote sensing, using MERIS images, in the Andalusian region.


General Directorate for Sustainable Development and Environmental Information. Environmental Department. Andalusian Regional Goverment. Budget: € 20,060. Start date: December 2011. End date: Oct 2012.

Description of the project: The purpose of this study was the monitoring of water quality in order to provide a rapid response to pollution statuses.
The works have consisted in the acquisition and processing of MERIS images, covering the entire Andalusian region from April 2011 to March 2012 (one regional scene per month), with the aim of monitoring water quality as well as analysing on a multitemporal basis (annual) the most significant reservoirs located in the area of study.

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Thecnical reports on planned actions for the restauration, correction, cleaning and enhancement of rivers in Andalusian region.


Deparment of Agriculture, Fishing and Environment, Andalusian Regional Goverment. Budget: € 141,600. Start date: December 2011. End date: June 2012.

Description of the project: Selection of works to visit. Collection of background and assessment of the environmental status in the selection areas. Proposed typologies of action. Monitoring of the actions that has been carried out. Technical reports.

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Consulting and technical assistance for development of Guadiana River Basin management plan and the implementation of the measures programme.


Guadiana Hydrographic Confederation. General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. Budget: € 1,667,867.82. Start date: January 2007. End date: December 2009.

Description of the project: Preparation of prior studies for the drafting of the plan (characterization of the river, anthropogenic impact study, register of protected areas, monitoring network design and control, allocation of environmental objectives, economic analysis of water usage, measures, cost-benefit effectiveness of measures, coordination with Portugal, information integration for transitional and coastal waters, regulations), Strategic Environmental Assessment of the plan, public participation process, and filling out the information on WISE.

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Consulting and technical assistance for following up of Guadiana River Basin management plan and the implementation of the measures programme.


Guadiana Hydrographic Confederation. General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. Budget: € 2,007,539.20. Start date: April 2010. End date: April 2014. 

Description of the project: Plan monitoring actions, Support for coordination of information with the Committee of Competent Authorities and the District Water Council, Information for other agencies, stakeholders and public disclosure of the degree of implementation of the Plan, Referral of monitoring data to the Directorate General of Water, Monitoring of the special action plans against possible drought situations and of flood protection plans as well as of other related plans, Proposal of corrective actions and additional measures due to deviations in the implementation of the plan and to the need to achieve the objectives for the next planning cycle, Support for public participation processes, and Economic characterization work and economic effects caused by the implementation of the plan's measures.

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Study of diagnosis and status of The National Plan of Sewerage and Wastewater Treatment in Spain and proposals for action on this matter.


General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment. Budget: € 743,014.87. Start date: January 2006. End date: February 2007.

Description of the project: Analysis of the degree of compliance with the National Water Treatment Plan 1995-2005. Degree of compliance achieved. Study with a view to proposing new designations for sensitive areas and analysis of budgetary, economic, social and sustainable development implications. Diagnosis of the state of collecting systems and urban design recommendations in order to optimize investment in new actions related to the National Water Quality Plan in small populations. Analysis of the legal and economic capacity of the agents involved in the financing sanitation and water treatment actions, suggesting mechanisms for financing and impact analysis of sanitation and water treatment costs. Proposal and drafting of sanitation and water treatment action plans: the new National Water Quality PLan 2007-2015. Action with a view to co-ordinating the National Water Quality Plan 2007-2015 and the National R&D&i Plan. Use of remote sensing in the implementation of further actions. Creating a relational database incorporating a GIS and introduction of new content for the website on the future agenda for further actions on sanitation and water treatment.

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Diagnosis, status and proposals for action in the field of sanitation and water treatment in the autonomous community of Andalusia.


Andalusian Water Agency. Regional Ministry of Environment. The Regional Government of Andalusia. Budget: € 70,500.14. Start date: October 2010. End date: January 2011.

Description of the project:
The purpose of these studies is to establish the criteria for a Sanitation and Water Treatment Strategy for the accomplishment of Directive 91/271/EEC in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia for horizon 2015. For that propose, the existing urban agglomerations were identified and a grouping proposal was made. It also lists the necessary actions concerning urban waste water and purification, so that the discharge is appropriate to the receiving environment, and therefore does not cause adverse effects in that environment. Finally, the necessary investment is estimated so that the financial framework premises are the suitable ones to provide the Autonomous Community of Andalusia with the adequate sanitation and water treatment facilities, according to the applicable legal provisions

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Study of use of remote sensing as a tool for identification, monitoring and control of water environment and new applications proposal in the hydrological planning.


General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. Budget: € 1,957,078.61. Start date: December 2008. End date: December 2012.

Description of the project: Implementation of the algorithms (spectral indices) needed to develop spatial applications by means of remote sensing in order to study drought episodes, identify possible flood areas, analyse daily evapotranspiration and study water quality. Subsequent monitoring of the evolution of these indices over time.

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River Henares restoration project in the municipality of Alcalá de Henares (Madrid Autonomous Community).


Tajo Hydrographic Confederation. General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. Budget: € 348,995.35 Start date: May 2006. End date: March 2008.

Description of the project: Hydrological studies, urban planning analysis, environmental analysis, proposal of alternatives, summarised environmental impact report, design and dimensioning of technical solutions, cost analysis, environmental assessment, environmental impact assessment, mapping and surveying, geotechnical study, archaeological study, water related design and calculations, defining corrective measures, structural calculations, construction procedures, replacement of easements and services concerned, expropriation, price justification and health and safety review, coordination of a Monitoring Committee for the participation of stakeholders.

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Drought impact assessment in the Segura River Basin District through remote sensing techniques.


TRAGSA. Budget: € 395,710.80. Start date: July 2006. End date: December 2006.  

Description of the project: Preliminary identification of uses and resources. Selection of sources of socio-economic and farmland information. Analysis of irrigation issues. Assessment of socio-economic implications caused by reduced irrigation allocations. Proposed solutions to minimize the socio-economic impact caused by reduced irrigation allocations.

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Technical assistance for the determination of surfaces irrigated using remote sensing in the Segura River Basin District and analysis of socio-economic implications of the reduction in water availability for irrigation.


Segura Hydrographic Confederation. General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment. Budget € 12,000. Start date: August 2006. End date: November 2006.

Description of the project: Information collection and analysis, acquisition, geo-referencing and satellite image processing. Analysis of annual irrigated areas, verifying established thresholds in the field. Field work to identify water ponds. Correlation of information from satellite imagery with socioe-conomic data. Model to predict economic amounts not perceived for every hm3 of water not used.

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Techno-legal assistance to comply with the council directive concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural source (91/676/EEC).


TRAGSATEC. Budget: € 47,968.90. Start date: December 2008. End date: September 2009.

Description of the project: The tasks covered the following topics: Technical and legal advice in drafting replies in time, place and form to requirements from the European Commission in relation to disciplinary procedures connected with the Nitrates Directive. This requires proven experience and the capability to follow the entire technical and administrative litigation in Spain with the European Commission on the implementation of this Directive. Comprehensive analysis, from a technical and legal standpoint, of the implications of the Nitrates Directive in relation to the implementation of river basin management plans. Connecting the Nitrates Directive with the Directives that have not been repealed by the Water Framework Directive.

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Writing and editing for publication of the report on the state control of water bodies of the Guadiana River Basin until the year 2006.


Guadiana Hydrografic Confederation. General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. Budget: € 30,000. Start date: August 2007. End date: February 2008.

Description of the project: Description and historical review of the work done by the Water Commission over the past 30 years related to the control and monitoring of water quality in the basin. Evolution of the methodological and practical approach undertaken in the design and operation of water quality control systems since their introduction in the early 1970s until today with the introduction and implementation of the WFD. Assessment and development of the most significant results at the control points and networks defined by the River Basin Authorities over the years.

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Technical support service for the processing of remote sensing reservoir images of the mediterranean intercalibration group.


General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment. Budget € 29,874.29. Start date: July 2006. End date: December 2006.

Description of the project: Assistance in acquiring images and downloading digital satellite images. Pre-processing and further treatment of the images in order to apply parameter estimation algorithms. Obtaining values to assess the EQR. Obtaining results and preparing the final report.

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Consulting and technical assistance for pollution reduction program for priority substances in the sectors of production of paper, iron and treatment and waste management.


Department of Planning and Environment. Basque Government. Budget: € 12,000. Start date: December 2003. End date: June 2004.

Description of the project: Assistance, preparation of summary documents and support for meetings to reach sectoral agreements. Study of effects on the receiving environment and the cause/effect relations. Support for drafting pollution reduction programmes concerning priority substances within the framework of voluntary sector agreements. Drafting of the EU response document.
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Eco-Audit scheme for sustainable waste management.

 
Department of Education. Government of the Madrid Autonomous Community. Budget: € 6,000. Start date: September 2003. End date: November 2003.

Description of the project: Environmental audits at 24 schools in the Madrid region, consisting of: collection of data on the schools (inventory of facilities, identification, quantification and characterization of waste generated, inventory of waste collection containers at source in the city centre and nearby districts). Behaviour and comments. Report on proposals for action in relation to the generation and management at source (segregation, correct labelling, storage and removal) and concerning the supply of self-assessment and monitoring tables, identification labels for containers, reference standards and the preparation of an information and awareness meeting.


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Design of new applications to supplement the hydrological bulletin and its inclusion in the website of the Ministry of Environment.


Sub-Directorate General of Planning and Sustainable Use of Water. General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. Budget: € 29,885.50. Start date: March 2007. End date: December 2008.

Description of the project:The work carried out has involved the design of new applications to supplement the Hydrological Bulletin and its inclusion in the website of the former Ministry of Environment. Subsequently, the processing and validation of the data needed for the weekly report and/or monthly update of the different parts of the website has been accomplished, as well as the development of new IT applications and algorithms to visualize these data and the maintenance of information and its sources.

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Design of new applications and updates of the National Drought Observatory website of the Ministry of Environment.


Sub-Directorate General For the Planning and Sustainable Use of Water. General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. Budget: € 59,630.24. Start date: May 2007. End date: May 2009.

Description of the project: The work carried out has involved the processing and validation of the data needed for the weekly report and/or monthly update of the different parts of the National Drought Observatory (ONS) website, created by the former Ministry of Environment, as well as the development of new IT applications and algorithms to visualize these data and the maintenance of information and its sources.

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Ecological characterisation in 5 river stretches with I+D Bio-Engineering Projects. (Tajo River Basin District)


TRAGSA. Budget: € 23,.461.00 Start date: January 2010. End date: April 2010.

Description of the project:The works included in this Study are aimed at carrying out ecological characterisations of five rivers in the Tajo river basin district. Those five river stretches are subject to a R + D + I Bioengineering Project and the Study include sampling of specific parameters and reporting of results. The final result is intended to compare the river stretches among them according to the results of sampling and the ecological characterization. The final report gathers the following information: Overview and current status of the river ecosystem. Classification of water bodies. Physico-chemical characterization of waters. Assessment of river habitat. Quality of the river bank. Benthic macroinvertebrates. Macrophytes. Presence / absence of otter. Determination of the ecological status and conclusions.

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Study of solutions for improving the hydraulic capacity of the river Bolue. (Bizkaia Province, Basque Autonomous Community).


Department of Environment. Foral Council of Biscay. Budget: € 21,000.00. Start date: march 2010. End date: November 2010.

Description of the project:Analysis of three different action proposals for an improvement on the hydraulic capacity of the River Bolue, in order to reduce the effects of floods in the municipalities of Berango and Getxo. The area comprises the last two kilometres of the river, from the confluence with the River Gobela, and includes the protected area of the Bolue wetland. Development of a hydrometeorological model to obtain flood hydrographs for different recurrence intervals. Design of three different solutions that combine the enlargement of the span of the bridges, the definition of a low water channel and the recovery of an abandoned channel. All scenarios have been tested hydraulically in a two-dimensional free-surface flow model for a variable water regime, to quantify their impact. Decision matrix to evaluate the different alternatives under technical, economic and environmental criteria.

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Study of solutions to floods in uptown Berango, caused by the runoff from mounts aranuburu and agirremendi. municipality of Berango (Bizkaia Province, Basque Autonomous Community).


Department of Environment. Foral Council of Biscay. Budget: € 21,000.00. Start date: September 2010. End date: December 2010.

Description of the project:Study of the problems caused by the incoming of suburban runoff generated on the slopes of the mounts Aranuburu and Agirremendi, in residential areas of Berango. Identification of the magnitude and probability of floods. Delimitation of streets affected by surface runoff from external sources. Determination of the hydraulic capacity of the existing stormwater urban network. Design and modelling of three alternative actions: 1.-Enlargement of the existing sewerage. 2.-Design of an intercepting canal around the edge of town. 3.-Setting up devices for storage and regulation of stormwater runoff. Budget and multicriteria evaluation of alternatives.

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Technical assistance for the making of the presentation of the plan of reforestation of 45 million trees and writing technical specifications.


General Directorate of Environment and Forest Policy. Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. Budget: € 20,671.20. Start date: September 2008. End date: September 2008.

Description of the project: The purpose of the plan of restoration and renewal of forests is planting 45 million trees over the period 2008-2012, with additional planting programs of the Autonomous Communities, under the Spanish Forestry Plan and the criteria Forest Law and Sustainable Rural Development Programme. This plan consisted of: Planting or seeding of 61,300 ha of tree species and shrubs native to peninsular, Balearic or Canary Islands, as he selected territory and its characteristics. Time frame: from 2009 to spring 2012. Estimated budget of over EUR 90 million investment. The territory will be the assets and public domains managed by the AGE, as well as community forests and mountains of equity (assets) of municipalities and local government through specific cooperation agreements within the program "More Biodiversity 2010" (developed by FEMP and the Biodiversity Foundation). Additional planting to Programs Administration and the Autonomous Communities within the Spanish Forestry Plan.

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Study of the current situation of the arancelay dam and proposal for adaptation to the new security standards for dams and reservoirs. municipality of Galdakao (Bizkaia Province, Basque Autonomous Community).


Department of Environment. Foral Council of Biscay. Budget: € 18,000.00. Start date: December 2009. End date: December 2010.

Description of the project: The Arancelay Dam is a regulation infrastructure over 40 years old, which is not currently in operation and which is owned by the City Council of Galdakao. From a technical standpoint, the work has consisted on the hydrological study of the river basin flood regime and the definition of the hydraulic behaviour of the complex formed by the dam reservoir, the drainage structures in its current state and the spillway, in order to know its flood control capacity. Proposal of three alternative actions to modify the dam into a flood control structure, with a drainage capacity compatible with the existence of downstream urban pipelines. Description of the regulatory framework to which the Arancelay dam must comply after the entry into force of the New Security Standards for Dams and Reservoirs.

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Completion of the 2009 questionnaire for reporting under the EC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC). Balearic Islands Autonomous Community.


Balear Water and Environmental Quality Agency. Budget: € 15,662.42. Start date: November 2009. End date: February 2010.

Description of the project: The catchment areas of sensitive areas were delineated in the Balearic Islands in accordance with Directive 91/271/EC. The delimitation was made in a GIS format and following the technical specifications of the Manual of the European Environment Agency "Short GIS guidance for reporting under the Urban Wastewarer Treatment Directive". Both the delimitation of the 125 bodies of water designated as sensitive areas in the Balearic Islands and a digital terrain model, were used as a starting point. The 2009 questionnaire was completed for the Balearic Islands, as required by Directive 91/271/EEC. To achieve this task, the software application provided by the technical services of the European Commission (DEM-Tool) was specifically used. Also, the specifications of the "Manual and guidance for reporting under the Urban Wastewarer Treatment Directive" (Umweltbundesamt, June 2009) were followed. Some parameters were updated, among others, the parameters that had varied from the previous report to Brussels (2007 Compliance Questionnaire), mainly concerning the biodegradable load generated by each urban agglomeration and the biodegradable load handled by each sewage treatment plant, as well as the increases in capacity made in several of the existing facilities.

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Report for fixing a criterion of rates apply to temporary capitalization of compensation to the holders of concessions for hydroelectric in case of changes in features established by public administration.


General Directorate of Water. Ministry of Environment. Budget: € 12,412.00. Start date: March 2009. End date: April 2009.

Description of the project:In the immediate future, it is expected that the River Basin Management Plans, currently in progress, require the review of the characteristics of the existing Hydroelectric Plants, especially the imposition of some environmental flows, which could provide, in certain cases, to significant damage consisting in a reduction of power production, which could lead to compensation.

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Completion of the 2007 questionnaire for reporting under the EC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC). Balearic Islands Autonomous Community.


Balear Water and Environmental Quality Agency. Budget: € 12,000.00. Start date: October 2007. End date: December 2007.

Description of the project: The work consisted in filling in the 2007 questionnaire for the Balearic Islands Autonomous Community. The data compiled and updated was: General information, contacts, inventory of receiving and catchments areas; urban agglomerations data, including wastewater treatment plants, discharge points and receiving areas; collecting systems; types of treatment and results. The data was prepared at a Member State level (in this case, the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands). The information is disaggregated in treated wastewater and sludge reuse. The information produced is that necessary for reporting to Brussels and was prepared in a computer application that was designed by the Ministry of Environment and is called "Questionaire of Directive 91/271/EEC

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Integration of sewerage and wastewater treatment data in the 2007 questionnaire required by Directive 91/271/EEC


NILSA (Navarra de Infraestructuras Locales, S.A). Budget: € 9,690.41. Start date: November 2007. End date: January 2008..

Description of the project:Integration of the 2006 sewerage and wastewater treatment data of those urban agglomerations over 2,000 population equivalent in Navarra province into the 2007 questionnaire that is required by Directive 91/271/EEC.

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Completion of the 2009 questionnaire for reporting under the EC Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC). Navarra Autonomous Community.


NILSA (Navarra de Infraestructuras Locales, S.A). Budget: € 5,134.59. Start date: October 2009. End date: January 2010.

Description of the project:The main objective of the work was the preparation of the 2009 Compliance Questionnaire for the Navarra Autonomous Community using the computer application supplied by the European Commission technical services (DEM-Tool). This task was achieved by following the technical specifications of the Manual of the European Environment Agency "Short GIS guidance for reporting under the Urban Wastewarer Treatment Directive" (Umweltbundesamt, June 2009). Another task was updating the parameters that showed variations from the previous report to Brussels (2007 Compliance Questionnaire), mainly with regard to the biodegradable load generated by each urban agglomeration and the biodegradable load handled by each wastewater treatment plant, as well as the increases in capacity made in several of the existing facilities. Finally, it was made a compliance analysis that was compared with the previous 2007 Compliance Questionnaire data.

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Decision support system (DSS) for the management of wastewater treatment in small communities.


Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs. State Secretary of Rural Areas and Water. National Scientific Research Program, Development and Technological Innovation (2008-2011). Budget: € 611,184.00. Start date: January 2009. End date: December 2010.

Description of the project:The aim of the research was to develop a Decision Support System (DSS) that can advise on the technical and economical suitability of the implementation of wastewater treatment in small communities according to their specific characteristics. The developed application incorporates a GIS viewer for easy viewing and results analysis. The development of the proposed tool allows assigning the most appropriate and cost-effective wastewater treatment in small communities and ensures the ability and willingness to pay for the maintenance and operation in the small communities areas where the system will be implemented.

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Design and implementation of a tool of management of contents in the WEB/INTRANET of the Guadiana Hydrographic Confederation


Guadiana Hydrographic Confederation. Budget: € 98,779.71. Start date: February 2008. End date: February 2009.

Description of the project: Implementation of a tool for management of contents that allows the creation and administration of the website and the Intranet of the Guadiana hydrographic Confederation. Jointly, the tool allows the configuration of servers and other elements of the system, as well as the burden of information for its implementation and its maintenance during the 12 months of duration of the contract. This tool keeps a very direct link with the existing corporative GIS, sharing data and establishing relevant communication services.

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Completion of the 2011 questionnaire for reporting under the ec urban waste water treatment Directive (91/271/EEC). Pais Vasco Autonomous Community.


Agencia Vasca Del Agua. Budget: € 6,159.82. Start date: September 2011. End date: November 2011.

Description of the project: Inventory and link between Agglomerations, Urban Wastewater Treatment Plants and discharge points, and Geographic coordinates. Definition of treatment requirements for each agglomeration, based on the link between catchment areas and discharge points. Updating urban agglomerations data, wastewater treatment plants, discharge points, and collecting systems. Analysis and review of conformity.

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Completion of the 2011 questionnaire for reporting under the ec urban waste water treatment Directive (91/271/EEC). Navarra Autonomous Community.


Nilsa, Navarra de Infraestructuras Locales, S.A. Budget: € 6,159.82 Start date: September 2011. End date: November 2011.

Description of the project: Inventory and link between Agglomerations, Urban Wastewater Treatment Plants and discharge points, and Geographic coordinates. Definition of treatment requirements for each agglomeration, based on the link between catchment areas and discharge points. Updating urban agglomerations data, wastewater treatment plants, discharge points, and collecting systems. Analysis and review of conformity.

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Identification and location of landfills in Andalusia using remote sensing". (Project VerTel).


R+D+i approved by Corporación Tecnológica de Andalucía (CTA). Budget: € 253,333.30. Start date: May 2011. End date: May 2012.

Descripción de los trabajos: The primary objective has sought to develop an integrated methodology based on remote sensing and GIS, which allows the identification and monitoring of landfills. The project has followed the following phases: 1. Launch of the project (Background analysis and data collection). 2. Development of remote sensing methodology for identifying (Development of a remote sensing methodology for identification of landfills / Selection of the methodology that has better results / Systematization of remote sensing data processing). 3. Methodology validation (Validation of the potential landfills selection / Development of a territorial model that incorporates all the variables identified and related to the location of known existing landfills by implementing a GIS / Integration of GIS and remote sensing methods. / Landfills mapping). 4. Results presentation and exploitation (Results spreading planning / Planning strategy for results exploitation). 5. Management and coordination (Working groups coordination and integration / Analysis of deviations encountered and corrective actions / Compliance with the schedule).

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Technical feasibility study of the use of airborne ahs hyperspectral sensor as a tool for the quality assessment of thermal insulation on building roofs. (Project TermAHS).


Madrid Business Innovation Plan (Department of Economy and Finance). Madrid Development Institute (IMADE). Budget: € 178,580.80. Start date: June 2009. End date: December 2010.

Descripción de los trabajos: The aim of this project is to identify, through airborne remote sensing, heat loss on the roofs of residential buildings to assess the thermal efficiency of the different types of covers. It also seeks to identify critical points and to evaluate and quantify the heat losses in order to prioritize actions to take. 1- Selection of the most appropriate geographical and temporal scope. 2- Determination of the parameters to study. Design of the remote data collection and field campaign. 3- Data collection. 4- Georeferencing, calibration, and validation of data from the AHS. 5- Definition of the typology of building roofs. 6- Results. Statistical and heat losses analysis.

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